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Did You Know ....
Learning Disabilities - The Basics
Terminology/Definitions
 
Ability - what you are able to do
Achievement - what you have already done
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD): A neurobehavioral disorder that affects the child's ability to regulate activity level (hyperactivity), inhibit behavior (impulsivity), and/or concentrate on tasks (inattention) to a greater degree than for most kids his age or developmental level. Symptoms usually appear before the age of 7 and exist in several settings over a period of time. 
AD/HD is not a learning disability but may be the underlying processing problem that causes an academic problem.
Auditory Discrimination: Ability to identify differences between words and sounds that are similar.
Auditory Processing: Ability to understand spoken language in kids with normal hearing. 
Basic Reading - Sounding out words
Discrepancy - A difference between two things, in this case tests, such as between measures of intellectual ability and academic achievement.
Dysarthria: Disorder of fine motor muscles involved in speech; affects ability to pronounce sounds correctly. 
Dyscalculia: Problems with basic math skills; trouble calculating. 
Dysgraphia: Difficulty writing legibly with age-appropriate speed. 
Dyslexia: Disorder in oral and/or written language, i.e., listening, speaking, reading, and writing. 
Dysnomia: Difficulty remembering names or recalling specific words; word-finding problems. 
Dyspraxia: Difficulty performing and sequencing fine motor movements, such as buttoning.
Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE): Entitles a public school child with a disability to an educational program and related services to meet her unique educational needs at no cost to the parents; based on IEP; under public supervision and meets state standards. 
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Federal law that provides for special education and related services to eligible children with disabilities. 
Individualized Education Program (IEP): Written plan to meet the unique educational needs of a child with a disability who requires special education services to benefit from the general education program; applies to kids enrolled in public schools. 
Listening Comprehension - understanding what you hear
Math Calculation - solving basic number problems
Math Reasoning - solving story problems or real-life math situations
Oral Expression - giving information by talking
Reading Comprehension - understanding what you have read.
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act: Federal civil rights law requiring school programs and buildings to be accessible to children with disabilities; protects from discrimination. 
Underachievement - not working up to your ability
Written Expression - giving information in writing
All donations are greatly appreciated. Please make your tax-deductible check (in U.S. dollars) payable to, LDI, Inc. and mail to: 1201 Louisiana Ave. Suite B.
Winter Park, Florida 32789. The Learning Disability Institute (LDI, Inc.) has been approved by the State of Florida and the United States Department of Internal
Revenue to solicit contributions as a 501(c)(3) non-profit, publicly supported organization working with professionals, teachers, and parents, providing diagnosis,training, treatment and research in the field of Learning Disabilities.
 
Copyright © 1999-2007, The Learning Disability Institute, Inc.,  All Rights Reserved
 

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