Achievement - what you have already done
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD): A neurobehavioral disorder that affects the child's ability to regulate activity level (hyperactivity), inhibit behavior (impulsivity), and/or concentrate on tasks (inattention) to a greater degree than for most kids his age or developmental level. Symptoms usually appear before the age of 7 and exist in several settings over a period of time.
AD/HD is not a learning disability but may be the underlying processing problem that causes an academic problem.
Auditory Discrimination: Ability to identify differences between words and sounds that are similar.
Auditory Processing: Ability to understand spoken language in kids with normal hearing.
Basic Reading - Sounding out words
Discrepancy - A difference between two things, in this case tests, such as between measures of intellectual ability and academic achievement.
Dysarthria: Disorder of fine motor muscles involved in speech; affects ability to pronounce sounds correctly.
Dyscalculia: Problems with basic math skills; trouble calculating.
Dysgraphia: Difficulty writing legibly with age-appropriate speed.
Dyslexia: Disorder in oral and/or written language, i.e., listening, speaking, reading, and writing.
Dysnomia: Difficulty remembering names or recalling specific words; word-finding problems.
Dyspraxia: Difficulty performing and sequencing fine motor movements, such as buttoning.
Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE): Entitles a public school child with a disability to an educational program and related services to meet her unique educational needs at no cost to the parents; based on IEP; under public supervision and meets state standards.
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Federal law that provides for special education and related services to eligible children with disabilities.
Individualized Education Program (IEP): Written plan to meet the unique educational needs of a child with a disability who requires special education services to benefit from the general education program; applies to kids enrolled in public schools.
Listening Comprehension - understanding what you hear
Math Calculation - solving basic number problems
Math Reasoning - solving story problems or real-life math situations
Oral Expression - giving information by talking
Reading Comprehension - understanding what you have read.
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act: Federal civil rights law requiring school programs and buildings to be accessible to children with disabilities; protects from discrimination.
Underachievement - not working up to your ability
Written Expression - giving information in writing
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