|PART C -- INFANTS AND TODDLERS WITH
SEC. 631. FINDINGS AND POLICY.
(a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that there is an urgent and substantial
(1) to enhance the development of infants and toddlers with disabilities
and to minimize their potential for developmental delay;
(2) to reduce the educational costs to our society, including our Nation's
schools, by minimizing the need for special education and related services
after infants and toddlers with disabilities reach school age;
(3) to minimize the likelihood of institutionalization of individuals
with disabilities and maximize the potential for their independently living
(4) to enhance the capacity of families to meet the special needs of
their infants and toddlers with disabilities; and
(5) to enhance the capacity of State and local agencies and service
providers to identify, evaluate, and meet the needs of historically underrepresented
populations, particularly minority, low-income, inner-city, and rural populations.
(b) POLICY- It is therefore the policy of the United States to provide
financial assistance to States --
(1) to develop and implement a statewide, comprehensive, coordinated,
multidisciplinary, interagency system that provides early intervention
services for infants and toddlers with disabilities and their families;
(2) to facilitate the coordination of payment for early intervention
services from Federal, State, local, and private sources (including public
and private insurance coverage);
(3) to enhance their capacity to provide quality early intervention
services and expand and improve existing early intervention services being
provided to infants and toddlers with disabilities and their families;
(4) to encourage States to expand opportunities for children under 3
years of age who would be at risk of having substantial developmental delay
if they did not receive early intervention services.
SEC. 632. DEFINITIONS.
As used in this part:
(1) AT-RISK INFANT OR TODDLER- The term 'at-risk infant or toddler'
means an individual under 3 years of age who would be at risk of experiencing
a substantial developmental delay if early intervention services were not
provided to the individual.
(2) COUNCIL- The term 'council' means a State interagency coordinating
council established under section 641.
(3) DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY- The term 'developmental delay', when used with
respect to an individual residing in a State, has the meaning given such
term by the State under section 635(a)(1).
(4) EARLY INTERVENTION SERVICES- The term 'early intervention services'
means developmental services that --
(A) are provided under public supervision;
(B) are provided at no cost except where Federal or State law provides
for a system of payments by families, including a schedule of sliding fees;
(C) are designed to meet the developmental needs of an infant or toddler
with a disability in any one or more of the following areas --
(i) physical development;
(ii) cognitive development;
(iii) communication development;
(iv) social or emotional development; or
(v) adaptive development;
(D) meet the standards of the State in which they are provided, including
the requirements of this part;
(E) include --
(i) family training, counseling, and home visits;
(ii) special instruction;
(iii) speech-language pathology and audiology services;
(iv) occupational therapy;
(v) physical therapy;
(vi) psychological services;
(vii) service coordination services;
(viii) medical services only for diagnostic or evaluation purposes;
(ix) early identification, screening, and assessment services;
(x) health services necessary to enable the infant or toddler to benefit
from the other early intervention services;
(xi) social work services;
(xii) vision services;
(xiii) assistive technology devices and assistive technology services;
(xiv) transportation and related costs that are necessary to enable
an infant or toddler and the infant's or toddler's family to receive another
service described in this paragraph;
(F) are provided by qualified personnel, including --
(i) special educators;
(ii) speech-language pathologists and audiologists;
(iii) occupational therapists;
(iv) physical therapists;
(vi) social workers;
(ix) family therapists;
(x) orientation and mobility specialists; and
(xi) pediatricians and other physicians;
(G) to the maximum extent appropriate, are provided in natural environments,
including the home, and community settings in which children without disabilities
(H) are provided in conformity with an individualized family service
plan adopted in accordance with section 636.
(5) INFANT OR TODDLER WITH A DISABILITY- The term 'infant or toddler with
a disability' --
(A) means an individual under 3 years of age who needs early intervention
services because the individual --
(i) is experiencing developmental delays, as measured by appropriate
diagnostic instruments and procedures in one or more of the areas of cognitive
development, physical development, communication development, social or
emotional development, and adaptive development; or
(ii) has a diagnosed physical or mental condition which has a high probability
of resulting in developmental delay; and
(B) may also include, at a State's discretion, at-risk infants and toddlers.
SEC. 633. GENERAL AUTHORITY.
The Secretary shall, in accordance with this part, make grants to States
(from their allotments under section 643)
to assist each State to maintain and implement a statewide, comprehensive,
coordinated, multidisciplinary, interagency system to provide early intervention
services for infants and toddlers with disabilities and their families.
SEC. 634. ELIGIBILITY.
In order to be eligible for a grant under section
633, a State shall demonstrate to the Secretary that the State --
(1) has adopted a policy that appropriate early intervention services
are available to all infants and toddlers with disabilities in the State
and their families, including Indian infants and toddlers with disabilities
and their families residing on a reservation geographically located in
the State; and
(2) has in effect a statewide system that meets the requirements of
SEC. 635. REQUIREMENTS FOR STATEWIDE SYSTEM.
(a) IN GENERAL- A statewide system described in section
633 shall include, at a minimum, the following components:
(1) A definition of the term 'developmental
delay' that will be used by the State in carrying out programs under this
(2) A State policy that is in effect and that ensures that appropriate
early intervention services are available to all infants and toddlers with
disabilities and their families, including Indian infants and toddlers
and their families residing on a reservation geographically located in
(3) A timely, comprehensive, multidisciplinary evaluation of the functioning
of each infant or toddler with a disability in the State, and a family-directed
identification of the needs of each family of such an infant or toddler,
to appropriately assist in the development of the infant or toddler.
(4) For each infant or toddler with a disability in the State, an individualized
family service plan in accordance with section
636, including service coordination services in accordance with such
(5) A comprehensive child find system, consistent with part
B, including a system for making referrals to service providers that
includes timelines and provides for participation by primary referral sources.
(6) A public awareness program focusing on early identification of infants
and toddlers with disabilities, including the preparation and dissemination
by the lead agency designated or established under paragraph
(10) to all primary referral sources, especially hospitals and physicians,
of information for parents on the availability of early intervention services,
and procedures for determining the extent to which such sources disseminate
such information to parents of infants and toddlers.
(7) A central directory which includes information on early intervention
services, resources, and experts available in the State and research and
demonstration projects being conducted in the State.
(8) A comprehensive system of personnel development,
including the training of paraprofessionals and the training of primary
referral sources respecting the basic components of early intervention
services available in the State, that is consistent with the comprehensive
system of personnel development described in section
612(a)(14) and may include --
(A) implementing innovative strategies and activities for the recruitment
and retention of early education service providers;
(B) promoting the preparation of early intervention providers who are
fully and appropriately qualified to provide early intervention services
under this part;
(C) training personnel to work in rural and inner-city areas; and
(D) training personnel to coordinate transition services for infants
and toddlers served under this part from an early intervention program
under this part to preschool or other appropriate services.
(9) Subject to subsection
(b), policies and procedures relating to the establishment and maintenance
of standards to ensure that personnel necessary to carry out this part
are appropriately and adequately prepared and trained, including --
(A) the establishment and maintenance of standards which are consistent
with any State-approved or recognized certification, licensing, registration,
or other comparable requirements which apply to the area in which such
personnel are providing early intervention services; and
(B) to the extent such standards are not based on the highest requirements
in the State applicable to a specific profession or discipline, the steps
the State is taking to require the retraining or hiring of personnel that
meet appropriate professional requirements in the State; except that nothing
in this part, including this paragraph, prohibits the use of paraprofessionals
and assistants who are appropriately trained and supervised, in accordance
with State law, regulations, or written policy, to assist in the provision
of early intervention services to infants and toddlers with disabilities
under this part.
(10) A single line of responsibility in a lead
agency designated or established by the Governor for carrying out --
(A) the general administration and supervision of programs and activities
receiving assistance under section 633,
and the monitoring of programs and activities used by the State to carry
out this part, whether or not such programs or activities are receiving
assistance made available under section 633,
to ensure that the State complies with this part;
(B) the identification and coordination of all available resources within
the State from Federal, State, local, and private sources;
(C) the assignment of financial responsibility in accordance with section
637(a)(2) to the appropriate agencies;
(D) the development of procedures to ensure that services are provided
to infants and toddlers with disabilities and their families under this
part in a timely manner pending the resolution of any disputes among public
agencies or service providers;
(E) the resolution of intra- and interagency disputes; and
(F) the entry into formal interagency agreements that define the financial
responsibility of each agency for paying for early intervention services
(consistent with State law) and procedures for resolving disputes and that
include all additional components necessary to ensure meaningful cooperation
(11) A policy pertaining to the contracting or making of other arrangements
with service providers to provide early intervention services in the State,
consistent with the provisions of this part, including the contents of
the application used and the conditions of the contract or other arrangements.
(12) A procedure for securing timely reimbursements of funds used under
this part in accordance with section 640(a).
(13) Procedural safeguards with respect to programs
under this part, as required by section 639.
(14) A system for compiling data requested by the Secretary under section
618 that relates to this part.
(15) A State interagency coordinating council that meets the requirements
of section 641.
(16) Policies and procedures to ensure that, consistent with section
(A) to the maximum extent appropriate, early intervention services
are provided in natural environments; and
(B) the provision of early intervention services for any infant or toddler
occurs in a setting other than a natural environment only when early intervention
cannot be achieved satisfactorily for the infant or toddler in a natural
(b) POLICY- In implementing subsection
(a)(9), a State may adopt a policy that includes making ongoing good-faith
efforts to recruit and hire appropriately and adequately trained personnel
to provide early intervention services to infants and toddlers with disabilities,
including, in a geographic area of the State where there is a shortage
of such personnel, the most qualified individuals available who are making
satisfactory progress toward completing applicable course work necessary
to meet the standards described in subsection
(a)(9), consistent with State law within 3 years.
SEC. 636. INDIVIDUALIZED FAMILY SERVICE PLAN.
(a) ASSESSMENT AND PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT- A statewide
system described in section 633 shall
provide, at a minimum, for each infant or toddler with a disability, and
the infant's or toddler's family, to receive --
(1) a multidisciplinary assessment of the unique
strengths and needs of the infant or toddler and the identification of
services appropriate to meet such needs;
(2) a family-directed assessment of the resources, priorities, and concerns
of the family and the identification of the supports and services necessary
to enhance the family's capacity to meet the developmental needs of the
infant or toddler; and
(3) a written individualized family service plan developed by a multidisciplinary
team, including the parents, as required by subsection
(b) PERIODIC REVIEW- The individualized family service plan shall be evaluated
once a year and the family shall be provided a review of the plan at 6-month
intervals (or more often where appropriate based on infant or toddler and
(c) PROMPTNESS AFTER ASSESSMENT- The individualized family service plan
shall be developed within a reasonable time after the assessment required
by subsection (a)(1) is completed.
With the parents' consent, early intervention services may commence prior
to the completion of the assessment.
(d) CONTENT OF PLAN- The individualized family
service plan shall be in writing and contain --
(1) a statement of the infant's or toddler's present levels of physical
development, cognitive development, communication development, social or
emotional development, and adaptive development, based on objective criteria;
(2) a statement of the family's resources, priorities, and concerns
relating to enhancing the development of the family's infant or toddler
with a disability;
(3) a statement of the major outcomes expected to be achieved for the
infant or toddler and the family, and the criteria, procedures, and timelines
used to determine the degree to which progress toward achieving the outcomes
is being made and whether modifications or revisions of the outcomes or
services are necessary;
(4) a statement of specific early intervention services necessary to
meet the unique needs of the infant or toddler and the family, including
the frequency, intensity, and method of delivering services;
(5) a statement of the natural environments in
which early intervention services shall appropriately be provided, including
a justification of the extent, if any, to which the services will not be
provided in a natural environment;
(6) the projected dates for initiation of services and the anticipated
duration of the services;
(7) the identification of the service coordinator from the profession
most immediately relevant to the infant's or toddler's or family's needs
(or who is otherwise qualified to carry out all applicable responsibilities
under this part) who will be responsible for the implementation of the
plan and coordination with other agencies and persons; and
(8) the steps to be taken to support the transition of the toddler with
a disability to preschool or other appropriate services.
(e) PARENTAL CONSENT- The contents of the individualized
family service plan shall be fully explained to the parents and informed
written consent from the parents shall be obtained prior to the provision
of early intervention services described in such plan. If the parents do
not provide consent with respect to a particular early intervention service,
then the early intervention services to which consent is obtained shall
SEC. 637. STATE APPLICATION AND ASSURANCES.
(a) APPLICATION- A State desiring to receive a grant
under section 633 shall submit an application
to the Secretary at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may reasonably
require. The application shall contain --
(1) a designation of the lead agency in the State that will be responsible
for the administration of funds provided under section
(2) a designation of an individual or entity
responsible for assigning financial responsibility among appropriate agencies;
(A) information demonstrating to the Secretary's satisfaction that
the State has in effect the statewide system required by section
(3) information demonstrating eligibility of the State under section
634, including --
(B) a description of services to be provided to infants and toddlers
with disabilities and their families through the system;
(4) if the State provides services to at-risk infants
and toddlers through the system, a description of such services;
(5) a description of the uses for which funds will be expended in accordance
with this part;
(6) a description of the procedure used to ensure that resources are
made available under this part for all geographic areas within the State;
(7) a description of State policies and procedures that ensure that,
prior to the adoption by the State of any other policy or procedure necessary
to meet the requirements of this part, there are public hearings, adequate
notice of the hearings, and an opportunity for comment available to the
general public, including individuals with disabilities and parents of
infants and toddlers with disabilities;
(8) a description of the policies and procedures
to be used --
(A) to ensure a smooth transition for toddlers receiving early intervention
services under this part to preschool or other appropriate services, including
a description of how --
(i) the families of such toddlers will be included in the transition
plans required by subparagraph (C);
(ii) the lead agency designated or established under section 635(a)(10)
(I) notify the local educational agency for the area in which such
a child resides that the child will shortly reach the age of eligibility
for preschool services under part B, as
determined in accordance with State law;
(II) in the case of a child who may be eligible for such preschool services,
with the approval of the family of the child, convene a conference among
the lead agency, the family, and the local educational agency at least
90 days (and at the discretion of all such parties, up to 6 months) before
the child is eligible for the preschool services, to discuss any such services
that the child may receive; and
(III) in the case of a child who may not be eligible for such preschool
services, with the approval of the family, make reasonable efforts to convene
a conference among the lead agency, the family, and providers of other
appropriate services for children who are not eligible for preschool services
under part B, to discuss the appropriate
services that the child may receive;
(B) to review the child's program options for the period from the child's
third birthday through the remainder of the school year; and
(C) to establish a transition plan; and
(9) such other information and assurances as the Secretary may reasonably
(b) ASSURANCES- The application described in subsection
(1) shall provide satisfactory assurance that Federal funds made available
under section 643 to the State will be
expended in accordance with this part;
(2) shall contain an assurance that the State will comply with the requirements
of section 640;
(3) shall provide satisfactory assurance that the control of funds provided
under section 643, and title to property
derived from those funds, will be in a public agency for the uses and purposes
provided in this part and that a public agency will administer such funds
(4) shall provide for --
(A) making such reports in such form and containing such information
as the Secretary may require to carry out the Secretary's functions under
this part; and
(B) keeping such records and affording such access to them as the Secretary
may find necessary to ensure the correctness and verification of those
reports and proper disbursement of Federal funds under this part;
(5) provide satisfactory assurance that Federal funds made available under
section 643 to the State --
(A) will not be commingled with State funds; and
(B) will be used so as to supplement the level of State and local funds
expended for infants and toddlers with disabilities and their families
and in no case to supplant those State and local funds;
(6) shall provide satisfactory assurance that such fiscal control and fund
accounting procedures will be adopted as may be necessary to ensure proper
disbursement of, and accounting for, Federal funds paid under section
643 to the State;
(7) shall provide satisfactory assurance that policies and procedures
have been adopted to ensure meaningful involvement of underserved groups,
including minority, low-income, and rural families, in the planning and
implementation of all the requirements of this part; and
(8) shall contain such other information and assurances as the Secretary
may reasonably require by regulation.
(c) STANDARD FOR DISAPPROVAL OF APPLICATION- The Secretary may not disapprove
such an application unless the Secretary determines, after notice and opportunity
for a hearing, that the application fails to comply with the requirements
of this section.
(d) SUBSEQUENT STATE APPLICATION- If a State has on file with the Secretary
a policy, procedure, or assurance that demonstrates that the State meets
a requirement of this section, including any policy or procedure filed
under part H (as in effect before July 1, 1998), the Secretary shall consider
the State to have met the requirement for purposes of receiving a grant
under this part.
(e) MODIFICATION OF APPLICATION- An application submitted by a State
in accordance with this section shall remain in effect until the State
submits to the Secretary such modifications as the State determines necessary.
This section shall apply to a modification of an application to the same
extent and in the same manner as this section applies to the original application.
(f) MODIFICATIONS REQUIRED BY THE SECRETARY- The Secretary may require
a State to modify its application under this section, but only to the extent
necessary to ensure the State's compliance with this part, if --
(1) an amendment is made to this Act, or a Federal regulation issued
under this Act;
(2) a new interpretation of this Act is made by a Federal court or the
State's highest court; or
(3) an official finding of noncompliance with Federal law or regulations
is made with respect to the State.
SEC. 638. USES OF FUNDS.
In addition to using funds provided under section
633 to maintain and implement the statewide system required by such
section, a State may use such funds --
(1) for direct early intervention services for infants and toddlers
with disabilities, and their families, under this part that are not otherwise
funded through other public or private sources;
(2) to expand and improve on services for infants and toddlers and their
families under this part that are otherwise available;
(3) to provide a free appropriate public education, in accordance with
B, to children with disabilities from their third birthday to the beginning
of the following school year; and
(4) in any State that does not provide services for at-risk infants
and toddlers under section 637(a)(4),
to strengthen the statewide system by initiating, expanding, or improving
collaborative efforts related to at-risk infants and toddlers, including
establishing linkages with appropriate public or private community-based
organizations, services, and personnel for the purposes of --
(A) identifying and evaluating at-risk infants and toddlers;
(B) making referrals of the infants and toddlers identified and evaluated
under subparagraph (A); and
(C) conducting periodic follow-up on each such referral to determine
if the status of the infant or toddler involved has changed with respect
to the eligibility of the infant or toddler for services under this part.
SEC. 639. PROCEDURAL SAFEGUARDS.
(a) MINIMUM PROCEDURES- The procedural safeguards required to be included
in a statewide system under section 635(a)(13)
shall provide, at a minimum, the following:
(1) The timely administrative resolution of complaints by parents.
Any party aggrieved by the findings and decision regarding an administrative
complaint shall have the right to bring a civil action with respect to
the complaint in any State court of competent jurisdiction or in a district
court of the United States without regard to the amount in controversy.
In any action brought under this paragraph, the court shall receive the
records of the administrative proceedings, shall hear additional evidence
at the request of a party, and, basing its decision on the preponderance
of the evidence, shall grant such relief as the court determines is appropriate.
(2) The right to confidentiality of personally identifiable information,
including the right of parents to written notice of and written consent
to the exchange of such information among agencies consistent with Federal
and State law.
(3) The right of the parents to determine whether they, their infant
or toddler, or other family members will accept or decline any early intervention
service under this part in accordance with State law without jeopardizing
other early intervention services under this part.
(4) The opportunity for parents to examine records relating to assessment,
screening, eligibility determinations, and the development and implementation
of the individualized family service plan.
(5) Procedures to protect the rights of the infant
or toddler whenever the parents of the infant or toddler are not known
or cannot be found or the infant or toddler is a ward of the State, including
the assignment of an individual (who shall not be an employee of the State
lead agency, or other State agency, and who shall not be any person, or
any employee of a person, providing early intervention services to the
infant or toddler or any family member of the infant or toddler) to act
as a surrogate for the parents.
(6) Written prior notice to the parents of the
infant or toddler with a disability whenever the State agency or service
provider proposes to initiate or change or refuses to initiate or change
the identification, evaluation, or placement of the infant or toddler with
a disability, or the provision of appropriate early intervention services
to the infant or toddler.
(7) Procedures designed to ensure that the notice required by paragraph
(6) fully informs the parents, in the parents' native language, unless
it clearly is not feasible to do so, of all procedures available pursuant
to this section.
(A) any reference in the section to a State educational agency shall
be considered to be a reference to a State's lead agency established or
designated under section 635(a)(10);
(8) The right of parents to use mediation in accordance with section
615(e), except that --
(B) any reference in the section to a local educational agency shall
be considered to be a reference to a local service provider or the State's
lead agency under this part, as the case may be; and
(C) any reference in the section to the provision of free appropriate
public education to children with disabilities shall be considered to be
a reference to the provision of appropriate early intervention services
to infants and toddlers with disabilities.
(b) SERVICES DURING PENDENCY OF PROCEEDINGS- During the pendency of any
proceeding or action involving a complaint by the parents of an infant
or toddler with a disability, unless the State agency and the parents otherwise
agree, the infant or toddler shall continue to receive the appropriate
early intervention services currently being provided or, if applying for
initial services, shall receive the services not in dispute.
SEC. 640. PAYOR OF LAST RESORT.
(a) NONSUBSTITUTION- Funds provided under section
643 may not be used to satisfy a financial commitment for services
that would have been paid for from another public or private source, including
any medical program administered by the Secretary of Defense, but for the
enactment of this part, except that whenever considered necessary to prevent
a delay in the receipt of appropriate early intervention services by an
infant, toddler, or family in a timely fashion, funds provided under section
643 may be used to pay the provider of services pending reimbursement
from the agency that has ultimate responsibility for the payment.
(b) REDUCTION OF OTHER BENEFITS- Nothing in this part shall be construed
to permit the State to reduce medical or other assistance available or
to alter eligibility under title V of the Social Security Act (relating
to maternal and child health) or title XIX of the Social Security Act (relating
to Medicaid for infants or toddlers with disabilities) within the State.
SEC. 641. STATE INTERAGENCY COORDINATING COUNCIL.
(1) IN GENERAL- A State that desires to receive financial assistance
under this part shall establish a State interagency coordinating council.
(2) APPOINTMENT- The council shall be appointed by the Governor. In
making appointments to the council, the Governor shall ensure that the
membership of the council reasonably represents the population of the State.
(1) IN GENERAL- The council shall be composed as follows:
(A) PARENTS- At least 20 percent of the members shall be parents of
infants or toddlers with disabilities or children with disabilities aged
12 or younger, with knowledge of, or experience with, programs for infants
and toddlers with disabilities. At least one such member shall be a parent
of an infant or toddler with a disability or a child with a disability
aged 6 or younger.
(3) CHAIRPERSON- The Governor shall designate a member of the council
to serve as the chairperson of the council, or shall require the council
to so designate such a member. Any member of the council who is a representative
of the lead agency designated under section
635(a)(10) may not serve as the chairperson of the council.
(B) SERVICE PROVIDERS- At least 20 percent of the members shall be public
or private providers of early intervention services.
(C) STATE LEGISLATURE- At least one member shall be from the State legislature.
(D) PERSONNEL PREPARATION- At least one member shall be involved in
(E) AGENCY FOR EARLY INTERVENTION SERVICES- At least one member shall
be from each of the State agencies involved in the provision of, or payment
for, early intervention services to infants and toddlers with disabilities
and their families and shall have sufficient authority to engage in policy
planning and implementation on behalf of such agencies.
(F) AGENCY FOR PRESCHOOL SERVICES- At least one member shall be from
the State educational agency responsible for preschool services to children
with disabilities and shall have sufficient authority to engage in policy
planning and implementation on behalf of such agency.
(G) AGENCY FOR HEALTH INSURANCE- At least one member shall be from the
agency responsible for the State governance of health insurance.
(H) HEAD START AGENCY- At least one representative from a Head Start
agency or program in the State.
(I) CHILD CARE AGENCY- At least one representative from a State agency
responsible for child care.
(2) OTHER MEMBERS- The council may include other members selected by the
Governor, including a representative from the Bureau
of Indian Affairs, or where there is no BIA-operated or BIA-funded
school, from the Indian Health Service or the tribe or tribal council.
(c) MEETINGS- The council shall meet at least quarterly and in such places
as it deems necessary. The meetings shall be publicly announced, and, to
the extent appropriate, open and accessible to the general public.
(d) MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY- Subject to the approval of the Governor, the
council may prepare and approve a budget using funds under this part to
conduct hearings and forums, to reimburse members of the council for reasonable
and necessary expenses for attending council meetings and performing council
duties (including child care for parent representatives), to pay compensation
to a member of the council if the member is not employed or must forfeit
wages from other employment when performing official council business,
to hire staff, and to obtain the services of such professional, technical,
and clerical personnel as may be necessary to carry out its functions under
(e) FUNCTIONS OF COUNCIL-
(1) DUTIES- The council shall --
(A) advise and assist the lead agency designated or established under
section 635(a)(10) in the performance of the responsibilities set forth
in such section, particularly the identification of the sources of fiscal
and other support for services for early intervention programs, assignment
of financial responsibility to the appropriate agency, and the promotion
of the interagency agreements;
(B) advise and assist the lead agency in the preparation of applications
and amendments thereto;
(C) advise and assist the State educational agency regarding the transition
of toddlers with disabilities to preschool and other appropriate services;
(D) prepare and submit an annual report to the Governor and to the Secretary
on the status of early intervention programs for infants and toddlers with
disabilities and their families operated within the State.
(2) AUTHORIZED ACTIVITY- The council may advise and assist the lead agency
and the State educational agency regarding the provision of appropriate
services for children from birth through age 5. The council may advise
appropriate agencies in the State with respect to the integration of services
for infants and toddlers with disabilities and at-risk infants and toddlers
and their families, regardless of whether at-risk infants and toddlers
are eligible for early intervention services in the State.
(f) CONFLICT OF INTEREST- No member of the council shall cast a vote on
any matter that would provide direct financial benefit to that member or
otherwise give the appearance of a conflict of interest under State law.
SEC. 642. FEDERAL ADMINISTRATION.
Sections 616, 617,
and 618 shall, to the extent not inconsistent
with this part, apply to the program authorized by this part, except that
(1) any reference in such sections to a State educational agency shall
be considered to be a reference to a State's lead agency established or
designated under section 635(a)(10);
(2) any reference in such sections to a local educational agency, educational
service agency, or a State agency shall be considered to be a reference
to an early intervention service provider under this part; and
(3) any reference to the education of children with disabilities or
the education of all children with disabilities shall be considered to
be a reference to the provision of appropriate early intervention services
to infants and toddlers with disabilities.
SEC. 643. ALLOCATION OF FUNDS.
(a) RESERVATION OF FUNDS FOR OUTLYING AREAS-
(1) IN GENERAL- From the sums appropriated to carry out this part
for any fiscal year, the Secretary may reserve up to one percent for payments
to Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the
Northern Mariana Islands in accordance with their respective needs.
(2) CONSOLIDATION OF FUNDS- The provisions of Public
Law 95-134, permitting the consolidation of grants to the outlying
areas, shall not apply to funds those areas receive under this part.
(b) PAYMENTS TO INDIANS-
(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall, subject
to this subsection, make payments to the Secretary of the Interior to be
distributed to tribes, tribal organizations (as defined under section 4
of the Indian
Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act), or consortia of the
above entities for the coordination of assistance in the provision of early
intervention services by the States to infants and toddlers with disabilities
and their families on reservations served by elementary and secondary schools
for Indian children operated or funded by the Department of the Interior.
The amount of such payment for any fiscal year shall be 1.25 percent of
the aggregate of the amount available to all States under this part for
such fiscal year.
(2) ALLOCATION- For each fiscal year, the Secretary
of the Interior shall distribute the entire payment received under paragraph
(1) by providing to each tribe, tribal organization, or consortium
an amount based on the number of infants and toddlers residing on the reservation,
as determined annually, divided by the total of such children served by
all tribes, tribal organizations, or consortia.
(3) INFORMATION- To receive a payment under this
subsection, the tribe, tribal organization, or consortium shall submit
such information to the Secretary of the Interior as is needed to determine
the amounts to be distributed under paragraph (2).
(4) USE OF FUNDS- The funds received by a tribe,
tribal organization, or consortium shall be used to assist States in child
find, screening, and other procedures for the early identification of Indian
children under 3 years of age and for parent training. Such funds may also
be used to provide early intervention services in accordance with this
part. Such activities may be carried out directly or through contracts
or cooperative agreements with the BIA, local educational agencies, and
other public or private nonprofit organizations. The tribe, tribal organization,
or consortium is encouraged to involve Indian parents in the development
and implementation of these activities. The above entities shall, as appropriate,
make referrals to local, State, or Federal entities for the provision of
services or further diagnosis.
(5) REPORTS- To be eligible to receive a grant
under paragraph (2), a tribe, tribal organization,
or consortium shall make a biennial report to the Secretary of the Interior
of activities undertaken under this subsection, including the number of
contracts and cooperative agreements entered into, the number of children
contacted and receiving services for each year, and the estimated number
of children needing services during the 2 years following the year in which
the report is made. The Secretary of the Interior shall include a summary
of this information on a biennial basis to the Secretary of Education along
with such other information as required under section
611(i)(3)(E). The Secretary of Education may require any additional
information from the Secretary of the Interior.
(6) PROHIBITED USES OF FUNDS- None of the funds under this subsection
may be used by the Secretary of the Interior for administrative purposes,
including child count, and the provision of technical assistance.
(c) STATE ALLOTMENTS-
(1) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in paragraphs
and (4), from the funds remaining for each fiscal
year after the reservation and payments under subsections (a)
and (b), the Secretary shall first allot
to each State an amount that bears the same ratio to the amount of such
remainder as the number of infants and toddlers in the State bears to the
number of infants and toddlers in all States.
(2) MINIMUM ALLOTMENTS- Except as provided in
paragraphs (3) and (4),
no State shall receive an amount under this section for any fiscal year
that is less than the greatest of --
(A) one-half of one percent of the remaining amount described in paragraph
(3) SPECIAL RULE FOR 1998 AND 1999-
(A) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in paragraph
(4), no State may receive an amount under this section for either fiscal
year 1998 or 1999 that is less than the sum of the amounts such State received
for fiscal year 1994 under --
(i) part H (as in effect for such fiscal year); and
(ii) subpart 2 of part D of chapter 1 of title I of the Elementary and
Secondary Education Act of 1965 (as in effect on the day before the date
of the enactment of the Improving America's Schools Act of 1994) for children
with disabilities under 3 years of age.
(B) EXCEPTION- If, for fiscal year 1998 or 1999, the number of infants
and toddlers in a State, as determined under paragraph
(1), is less than the number of infants and toddlers so determined
for fiscal year 1994, the amount determined under subparagraph
(A) for the State shall be reduced by the same percentage by which
the number of such infants and toddlers so declined.
(4) RATABLE REDUCTION-
(A) IN GENERAL- If the sums made available under this part for any
fiscal year are insufficient to pay the full amounts that all States are
eligible to receive under this subsection for such year, the Secretary
shall ratably reduce the allotments to such States for such year.
(B) ADDITIONAL FUNDS- If additional funds become available for making
payments under this subsection for a fiscal year, allotments that were
reduced under subparagraph (A) shall be increased
on the same basis they were reduced.
(5) DEFINITIONS- For the purpose of this subsection --
(A) the terms 'infants' and 'toddlers' mean children under 3 years
of age; and
(B) the term 'State' means each of the 50 States, the District of Columbia,
and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
(d) REALLOTMENT OF FUNDS- If a State elects not to receive its allotment
under subsection (c), the Secretary shall reallot,
among the remaining States, amounts from such State in accordance with
SEC. 644. FEDERAL INTERAGENCY COORDINATING
(a) ESTABLISHMENT AND PURPOSE-
(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall establish
a Federal Interagency Coordinating Council in order to --
(A) minimize duplication of programs and activities across Federal,
State, and local agencies, relating to --
(i) early intervention services for infants and toddlers with disabilities
(including at-risk infants and toddlers) and their families; and
(ii) preschool or other appropriate services for children with disabilities;
(B) ensure the effective coordination of Federal early intervention and
preschool programs and policies across Federal agencies;
(C) coordinate the provision of Federal technical assistance and support
activities to States;
(D) identify gaps in Federal agency programs and services; and
(2) APPOINTMENTS- The council established under paragraph
(1) (hereafter in this section referred to as the Council') and the
chairperson of the Council shall be appointed by the Secretary in consultation
with other appropriate Federal agencies. In making the appointments, the
Secretary shall ensure that each member has sufficient authority to engage
in policy planning and implementation on behalf of the department, agency,
or program that the member represents.
(b) COMPOSITION- The Council shall be composed of --
(1) a representative of the Office of Special Education Programs;
(E) identify barriers to Federal interagency cooperation.
(2) a representative of the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation
Research and a representative of the Office of Educational Research and
(3) a representative of the Maternal and Child Health Services Block
(4) a representative of programs administered under the Developmental
Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act;
(5) a representative of the Health Care Financing Administration;
(6) a representative of the Division of Birth Defects and Developmental
Disabilities of the Centers for Disease Control;
(7) a representative of the Social Security Administration;
(8) a representative of the special supplemental nutrition program for
women, infants, and children of the Department of Agriculture;
(9) a representative of the National Institute of Mental Health;
(10) a representative of the National Institute of Child Health and
(11) a representative of the Bureau
of Indian Affairs of the Department of the Interior;
(12) a representative of the Indian Health Service;
(13) a representative of the Surgeon General;
(14) a representative of the Department of Defense;
(15) a representative of the Children's Bureau, and a representative
of the Head Start Bureau, of the Administration for Children and Families;
(16) a representative of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services
(17) a representative of the Pediatric AIDS Health Care Demonstration
Program in the Public Health Service;
(18) parents of children with disabilities age 12 or under (who shall
constitute at least 20 percent of the members of the Council), of whom
at least one must have a child with a disability under the age of 6;
(19) at least two representatives of State lead agencies for early intervention
services to infants and toddlers, one of whom must be a representative
of a State educational agency and the other a representative of a non-educational
(20) other members representing appropriate agencies involved in the
provision of, or payment for, early intervention services and special education
and related services to infants and toddlers with disabilities and their
families and preschool children with disabilities; and
(21) other persons appointed by the Secretary.
(c) MEETINGS- The Council shall meet at least quarterly and in such places
as the Council deems necessary. The meetings shall be publicly announced,
and, to the extent appropriate, open and accessible to the general public.
(d) FUNCTIONS OF THE COUNCIL- The Council shall --
(1) advise and assist the Secretary of Education, the Secretary of
Health and Human Services, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the
Interior, the Secretary of Agriculture, and the Commissioner of Social
Security in the performance of their responsibilities related to serving
children from birth through age 5 who are eligible for services under this
part or under part B;
(2) conduct policy analyses of Federal programs
related to the provision of early intervention services and special educational
and related services to infants and toddlers with disabilities and their
families, and preschool children with disabilities, in order to determine
areas of conflict, overlap, duplication, or inappropriate omission;
(3) identify strategies to address issues described in paragraph
(4) develop and recommend joint policy memoranda concerning effective
interagency collaboration, including modifications to regulations, and
the elimination of barriers to interagency programs and activities;
(5) coordinate technical assistance and disseminate information on best
practices, effective program coordination strategies, and recommendations
for improved early intervention programming for infants and toddlers with
disabilities and their families and preschool children with disabilities;
(6) facilitate activities in support of States' interagency coordination
(e) CONFLICT OF INTEREST- No member of the Council shall cast a vote on
any matter that would provide direct financial benefit to that member or
otherwise give the appearance of a conflict of interest under Federal law.
(f) FEDERAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE ACT- The Federal Advisory Committee Act
(5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the establishment or operation of the
SEC. 645. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
For the purpose of carrying out this part, there are authorized to be appropriated
$400,000,000 for fiscal year 1998 and such sums as may be necessary for
each of the fiscal years 1999 through 2002.
to Part D